Urology worldwide health and medical information
Urology is a surgical speciality that deals with the treatment of conditions involving the male urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. People specializing in the field of urology are called urologists, healthcare professionals who are trained to diagnose, detect and treat this group of disorders and diseases. The disorders that may be treated by urologists include those involving the kidneys, the ureters (tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder), the adrenal glands, the bladder and the urethra (the tube that passes urine out of the body from the bladder). In males, a urologist may also treat conditions of the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis. The field of urology involves the medical management of conditions such as urinary tract infection and prostate enlargement through to the surgical management of conditions such as bladder cancer, prostate cancer, kidney stones and stress incontinence.
A urologist is a physician who has specialized knowledge and skill regarding problems of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Because of the variety of clinical problems encountered, knowledge of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, and other specialties is required of the urologist.
Urologists treat a wide variety of conditions that affect the urinary system and male reproductive system.
What to do to maintain good urologic health
Make sure you regularly empty your bladder and drink water instead of caffeine or juice. Avoid smoking and maintain a low-salt diet. These general rules can help to prevent a vast majority of common urologic issues.