Here you will find all the necessary information about Stromectol (Ivermectin), so there's no need to search for more. You will learn about ways you can use Stromectol (Ivermectin) as well as all kinds of possible contradictions and interactions with other drugs, along with tolerance, dependence, and adverse effects. Stromectol is prescribed for reatment of intestinal strongyloidiasis, treatment of parasites in the blood or tissue caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, treatment of human scabies after prior treatment has failed.
This medication is used to treat certain parasitic roundworm infections. Curing parasitic infections helps to improve your quality of life. In people with weakened defense (immune) systems, curing roundworm infections can reduce the risk of developing a severe or life-threatening infection. Ivermectin belongs to a class of drugs known as antihelmintics. It works by paralyzing and killing parasites. When used for the current indications, at the currently approved doses, ivermectin is a very safe drug. To date, more than three billion treatments have been distributed with an excellent safety profile. Most adverse reactions are mild, transitory and associated with parasite death rather than with the drug itself.
Stromectol is an avermectin acaricide, a class of broad-spectrum antiparasitic agents that act against a number of nematodes and ectoparasites. Although this medication has been available for some time, it has only recently been approved for the treatment of scabies. It is also approved and listed for the treatment of onchocerciasis and severe loidosis. Oral Stromectol has been shown to be superior to placebo and has been used successfully to treat endemic scabies in the community. Although Stromectol successfully treats scabies (defined as the absence of new lesions caused by the mite) after two separate doses, it is not ovicidal and has been shown to resolve lesions more slowly than permethrin. It is difficult to draw a conclusion regarding the comparative efficacy of Stromectol versus benzyl benzoate due to the significant heterogeneity of studies. Stromectol, used to treat scabies, is generally well tolerated with mild, temporary side effects. This medicine is an important development in treating crusted scabies, typical scabies failing topical treatments, scabies in community epidemics and in aged-care home settings. Although standard topical treatment of scabies is effective in most patients when used correctly, ivermectin has a role in management of endemic scabies, especially when compliance with head-to-toe application of topical agents is logistically difficult. Stromectol (Ivermectin) is indicated for the treatment of scabies, a parasitic infection of the skin caused by the itch mite that causes itching, inflammation and discomfort, and in some populations is associated with the development of a serious secondary infection.
Stromectol is available in 3-mg tablets containing the following inactive ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose, pregelatinized starch, magnesium stearate, butylated hydroxyanisole, and citric acid powder (anhydrous).
Stromectol is used to treat river blindness (onchocerciasis) and pinworms affecting the intestines (intestinal strongyloidiasis). It is caused by worm infections. In onchocerciasis, the helminth infection mainly affects the skin, glands (lymph nodes), and eyes. Skin changes may include an itchy rash, pale or dark spots, nodules (small formations under the skin), thickening of the skin, and / or loss of elasticity. The infection can cause swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin. The infection can also affect the eyes and cause conjunctivitis, grit or pain in the eyes, and can also lead to blindness. In the form of strongyloidosis treated with Stromectol, the helminth infection mainly affects the intestines and skin. Symptoms that may occur include an itchy rash, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Stromectol kills developing worms. Stromectol is also used to treat scabies caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. A scabies mite infestation is uncomfortable and often causes severe itching of the skin, especially at night, with irritating blisters or bumps on the skin. The classic sites of infection are between the fingers, wrists, armpits, the female breast (especially the nipple skin), the abdomen, penis, scrotum and buttocks. In infants, the face, scalp, palms, and soles are commonly affected. Scabies is usually spread from person to person through direct skin contact, including sexual contact, although it can also be transmitted through items such as clothing or furniture. Anyone who comes into contact with an infected person should immediately seek treatment. Keep in mind that blisters or lumps on your skin may take some time to go away. Bed linen and clothing should be washed in hot water, no bleaching required. Shoes and other items that cannot be washed should be placed in a tightly closed plastic bag for at least 3 days. There are 2 types of scabies: common scabies and crusted scabies (more severe). Your doctor may have prescribed Stromectol for another reason. Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why you have been prescribed Stromectol. Stromectol is the only acaricide indicated for scabies treatment that can be taken orally, making it convenient for use where application of topical therapy is logistically difficult, and for crusted scabies, when topical application may not completely penetrate the thick crusts. Stromectol is also used to treat onchocerciasis and strongyloidiasis.
Take Stromectol on an empty stomach and with a full glass of water. Taking Stromectol with food can affect how well it works. If you're using Stromectol to treat stomach worms, your healthcare provider might ask you to provide a stool sample afterwards. This is to make sure your infection is completely gone. For people using Stromectol to treat river blindness, it is necessary to take a dose of Stromectol every few months for several years. Stromectol doesn't kill the adult worms that cause the infection. It only kills the immature larvae (baby worms), so Stromectol has to be taken until the adult worms have died. River blindness worms can live for a decade or more. It is common for people taking Stromectol for river blindness to experience an allergic reaction including hives, itching, and a fever. This can be life-threatening, and you should speak with your healthcare provider immediately if you notice this. Stromectol interacts with warfarin. Your warfarin levels (INR level) might go up when you take Stromectol for a few days afterwards. Let the healthcare provider that prescribes your warfarin know if you need to take Stromectol. You might need to have an INR test done more often than usual or have your warfarin dose adjusted.
Strongyloidiasis: The recommended dosage of Stromectol for the treatment of strongyloidiasis is a single oral dose designed to provide approximately 200 mcg of ivermectin per kg of body weight. Patients should take tablets on an empty stomach with water. In general, additional doses are not necessary. However, follow-up stool examinations should be performed to verify eradication of infection.
Onchocerciasis: The recommended dosage of Stromectol for the treatment of onchocerciasis is a single oral dose designed to provide approximately 150 mcg of ivermectin per kg of body weight. Patients should take tablets on an empty stomach with water. In mass distribution campaigns in international treatment programs, the most commonly used dose interval is 12 months. For the treatment of individual patients, retreatment may be considered at intervals as short as 3 months.
Side effects are usually mild and temporary. Ivermectin is generally considered a safe drug for the adult population. Ivermectin has been shown to be safe at higher and more frequent doses than is required for the approved indications. A dose escalation study found that administering ivermectin up to 10 times the FDA-approved maximum dose of 200 micrograms per kilogram did not cause any side effects. A transient exacerbation of itching may occur at the beginning of treatment. Ivermectin is well tolerated with few side effects. Overall, mild and transient side effects were observed in about 5% of patients receiving ivermectin. Some of these side effects included:
This medicine may cause some people to become lightheaded. Make sure you know how you react to this medicine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are lightheaded. If these reactions occur, check with your doctor. Before you have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are taking this medicine. The results of some tests (blood or liver tests) may be affected by this medicine. The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially: Bronchial asthma - Ivermectin may make this problem worse. In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
If you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals.
Studies on this medicine have been done only in adults and in children weighing 15 kilograms (kg) (33 pounds) and over, and there is no specific information comparing use of ivermectin in children weighing less than 15 kg with use in other age groups.
Many medicines have not been studied specifically in older people. Therefore, it may not be known whether they work exactly the same way they do in younger adults or if they cause different side effects or problems in older people. There is no specific information comparing use of ivermectin in the elderly with use in other age groups.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
This medicine is available from a pharmacist and requires a prescription.